KUHAILAN AFAS d.b.
The Kuhailan Afas o.a. sireline came to Poland at the same time as the Kuhailan Haifi o.a. line came to Poland, in 1931. Both those stallions, along with Kuhailan Kharas o.a. and some mares, were bought by Bogdan Zientarski and Carl Raswan for the Gumniska stud. The Gumniska stud was owned by the Sanguszko family which was one of the most powerful of the noble families in Poland.
Roman Sanguszko the elder was a horsebreeder (Slawuta stud) and in 1820 he was ordered by tsar Alexander I to serve in the Russian army. After 3 years he was released and in 1829 he married Natalie Potocka who shortly thereafter died in childbirth (the child, a daughter, survived). There has always been dissention among the polish nobles against the tsar rule and in 1831 prince Roman joined an uprising against the tsar. The uprising was a crushed and prince Roman Sr was sent to Siberia. Some of his mares were taken to Gumniska, another of the studs owned by the Sanguszko family, to prevent them from being confiscated by the tsar. In 1843 he was allowed to go back home but was still forbidden to own property and he had no title. The ownership of Slawuta was transfered to his nephew Roman the younger and Satanow (later renamed Antoniny) went to his daughter Marya, married to a Potocki. He still managed both estates, if not in his own name. He died in 1881 and his life was described in a short story by Joseph Conrad, "Prince Roman".
|Kuhailan Afas o.a.||Bad Afas (Kuhailan Afas o.a. x Bad)||Abu Afas (Bad Afas x Gahdar)|
Roman Jr inherited Slawuta and his brother Eustachy had Gumniska. During the Russian Revolution he was murdered and Slawuta destroyed. The estate was passed on to Roman Sanguszko, born in 1901, the son of Roman Jr's brother Eustachy. Roman fled Poland when World War I began and when he returned Slawuta was outside the polish border and Gumniska totally destroyed. He began to rebuild the breeding program and imported horses from France, the first to arrive in 1929. Another set of french horses came in 1931 when an exchange with the Tiaret stud was arranged. This group included Bad, dam of Bad Afas, who introduced a new mare family in Poland, Cherifa o.a.. The french horses had been purchased especially for breeding racehorses and crossed very well with the desert imports. Damlines from the old Slawuta and Gumniska studs were also used.
The french imports
and their offspring raced very well but in 1939 prince Roman left
Gumniska after the Nazi invasion. The stud was managed by Bogdan
Zientarski under German rule but eventually he had to flee, threatened
by the Gestapo. At the end of the war the Germans ordered the
evacuation of Gumniska to Poznan. The stud which had been virtually
intact during the whole war was caught between retreating Germans and
advancing Russians. Needless to say, the horses did not stand a chance
being trapped between two armoured divisions pounding on each other.
Very few horses survived but among them was Ferha (the dam of Faher),
Forta, Grand and Gabor.
|Branibor (Arcus x Bajdara)||Dunajec (Branibor x Dyska)||Comet (Abu Afas x Carmen)|
This sireline has not been very numerous, at least not until it was reintrodued by Probat during the 1980´ies. Kuhailan Afas o.a. was born 1930 in Bahrein by a Kuhailan Wadnan out of a Kuhaila Afas. He sired two sons, Drop and Bad Afas. Drop sired only one mare but Bad Afas sired two sons to continue the line, Arcus and Abu Afas. Arcus left one son, Derby winner Branibor, and several mares but this branch is extinct in Poland today. It is continued in USA through Branibor's son Dunajec. Branibor also sired the mare Arkona (out of Adis Abeba) imp Sweden.
Abu Afas sired one
son in Poland, COMET, before being exported to DDR in 1955. He left
several sons in DDR, among them Cid ben Afas (out of Cyneraria and
imported to Sweden), Grande Ben Afas II (out of Grazyna) and Galba Ben
Afas (out of Galka). Comet was the chief progenitor of this line in
Poland but died prematurely when he was only 11 years old. His get has
been exported all over the world but none of his sons was able to
continue the line in Poland, even though they left good mares.
|Grande Ben Afas II (Abu Afas x Grazyna)||Galba Ben Afas (Abu Afas x Galka)||Badr Bedur (Comet x Bint Munira)|
The Comet sons used in Poland:
Badr Bedur, exported
to France and sire of Dambor (who in turn sired Eryk imp. Sweden).
|Bajdak (Comet x Bajdara)||Carrador (Comet x Czaruta)||Carycyn (Comet x Cerekiew)|
|Ego (Comet x Egeria)||Pohaniec (Comet x Planeta)||Bilbao (Comet x Bika)|
Comet sired many stallions and mares used in several countries, including:
Pohaniec, imp. to
Sweden where he sired Probat, Borexpo, Pusjkin, Pomar, Da Capo, Expo
|Mustafar (Comet x Musailima)||Essaul (Comet x Ela)||Relax (Ego x Rokada)|
Grojec exp. UK, then
exp. US. Sire of several ridden champions as well as stallions.
|Grojec (Comet x Gastronomia)||Menelaus (Comet x Mimonka)||Wiraz (Comet x Wielka Zorza)|
Probat was one of three full brothers, by Pohaniec out of Borexia. He was chosen by the polish state studs to bring back the Kuhailan Afas o.a. sire line that was extinct in Poland. He was used for a total of six seasons. Apart from siring many sons he also sired many valuable mares. Among his sons used in Poland are Alegro, Boryslaw, Drabik, Enrilo, Fawor, Gil and Pamir.
Borexpo was exported to Germany and then to USA. He was not the sire his brother was but left some good broodmares in Römerwall and Altana stud.
The life of Pusjkin was cut short due to accident. He was considered very promising and was leased to Norway were he sired his only foal crop.
|Probat (Pohaniec x Borexia)||Borexpo (Pohaniec x Borexia)||Pusjkin (Pohaniec x Borexia)|
reintroduce in Poland the then nearly extinct KUHAILAN AFAS sireline,
COMET's grandson PROBAT, bred by Blommeröd stud in Sweden in 1975,
was leased to serve mares in Michalów in 1980-81-86 and in Janów in
1982-83-88. The father of PROBAT, Michalów bred POHANIEC, had been
exported to Sweden where he won the national title as well as the
European Reserve one. PROBAT did his task with perfection, producing
numerous show champions like World Champions FAWOR and PIRUET, Polish
champions PAMIR, GIL and GARNIZON, and racewinners like BORYSLAW,
WERMUT, FAWOR and PAMIR plus other great sires like ENRILO, GWIZD (at
Tersk) and ALEGRO. In Poland he produced magnificent champion mares
like DIANA, EGZOTYKA, ALMERIA, PISTACJA and PIKIETA as well as
phenomenal broodmares like EGZOTYKA, dam of European champion
ESKALOPKA, Swedish National Champion EWAKUACJA and Warsaw Champion
Mare EGZONERA ; FANABERIA, the dam of World Reserve and Polish
National Champion mare FALLADA ; and GASKONIA, the mother of 3
stallions, Polish Reserve Champion GRAFIK, Polish Junior Champion and
World Top 10 stallion GASPAR and GASKONCZYK, exported to Germany. In
Sweden, four PROBAT daughters won the national title, PRUSNEGA,
PRUSJA, PROSBA, and our NAUTICIA. His son PIONIER, was also Swedish
|Alegro 1983 (*Probat x Algeria)||Fawor 1981 (*Probat x Fatma)||Pamir 1984 (*Probat x Parma)|
|Piber 1996 (Pamir x Pilina)|